Find updates to this chart and some other really informative information here at dshort.
I was also asked what makes up the cost of a gallon of gas, here is a good infographic:
Who makes the most money from a gallon of gas?
Local, state and federal government – they also have no risk of exploration, production, transport, refining or distribution. Pretty sweet, huh – 100% profit with nothing at risk.
This WSJ article was written August but still is valid:
With the average price of gas in America hovering around $3.50 per gallon for regular unleaded, it costs more than $50 to fill a typical car’s 15-gallon tank this summer. Why does gas cost so much?
You may blame high gas prices on rich oil company executives or greedy gas station owners. The truth is that governments rake in a larger profit at the pump than anyone—and with gas taxes on the rise in many parts of the country, there’s no relief in sight.
The price of a gallon of gas is based on the combination of four costs: that of crude oil, of refining gas, of distribution and marketing, and of taxes…
Put this all together, and government makes far more from gas sales than all of the oil companies put together. Exxon, for example, made only seven cents per gallon of gasoline in 2011. That’s a drop in the bucket compared to the nearly 50 cents per gallon that federal, state and local governments rake in on an average gallon of gas pumped in the U.S.