Did you know America’s Revolutionary war did not begin on July 4, 1776?
Hostilities actually began when the British fired upon American Militia on the morning of 19 April 1775.
The British were attempting to take the arms and ammunition from our Colonists.
Why did the British fire upon our colonists? Our Colonists refused the British officers order to “lay down their weapons”.
Hosted by our National Guard, The Shot Heard ‘Round the World, by Domenick D’Andrea
At dawn on April 19, 1775, as 700 elite British soldiers marched toward Concord, they fought a brief skirmish with militiamen on Lexington Green, leaving eight colonists dead and nine wounded. The King’s troops marched on, arriving at Concord two hours later. While some troops searched the town for stores of gunpowder and arms, three companies guarded the “North Bridge.” As the British were marching toward Concord, word spread of the fight at Lexington. Alarm bells rang calling out the militia and Minute Men across Middlesex County. Among the units to muster was Colonel James Barrett’s Middlesex County Regiment of Minute Men. Once in formation the regiment moved onto a hill within 500 yards of where the British stood watch at North Bridge. Colonel Barrett, needing to organize additional militia companies, left his command to Major John Buttrick. When smoke appeared in the sky above Concord the Americans wrongly believed the British were burning the town. In response Buttrick decided to move his men toward the town. As the Americans advanced the British pickets fell back across the bridge. The last British unit to cross, the Light Company of the 4th (King’s Own) Foot, stopped to tear up some of the planks to delay the militia advance. Leading the American column was Captain Isaac Davis’s Company of Minute Men from Acton. As they got within 50 yards of the bridge Buttrick shouted at the British to stop tearing up the planks. Suddenly three British shots were fired, killing Davis and another man instantly and wounding a third. Buttrick shouted “Fire! For God’s sake Fire!” and the Minute Men unloosed a ragged but heavy volley. Four out of eight British officers were hit along with seven enlisted men, two of whom died. The British immediately fell back toward the town where they linked up with other Royal troops. Buttrick moved his men across the bridge as the British column began marching back down the road toward Boston. Militiamen gathered along their path and soon began firing from behind trees and stone walls, inflicting an ever-increasing number of casualties. When the exhausted British troops reached Lexington, scene of the fight earlier that morning, they were met by a relief force sent to accompany them back to Boston. However, the Americans did not stop their attacks, inflicting additional losses on the British column before it reached Boston. In total the British suffered almost 300 dead, wounded or missing. Within days an army of nearly 20,000 militiamen from all over New England surrounded the city, effectively putting it under siege. In 1875, on the 100th anniversary of the action at Concord, Daniel Chester French’s Minuteman statue, the symbol of today’s National Guard, was dedicated. As part of the ceremony, Ralph Waldo Emerson’s poem The Concord Hymn was read honoring the men who “fired the shot heard round the world” which began the Revolutionary War. Today’s National Guard is the direct descendent of those militia and Minute Men who stood their ground to protect their homes and freedoms.
My son and I were discussing last night and he says, “Most people do not know what liberty or freedom is Dad. No one discusses freedom and liberty. What it is, why it is important. Why is that?”
Then I began pondering, and remembered Utah’s post on The Declaration of Arbroath. https://therionorteline.com/2012/09/26/the-declaration-of-arbroath/
I urge all of you to read it. Those men signed their own death warrants when they swore an oath to liberty, freedom, and to each other. Just like our founders, men of means, who signed our Declaration of Independence.
I urge all of you to read the following book, written with the letters of the colonists and the British,
Paul Revere’s Ride, by David Hackett Fischer (history professor), 1995. Review by goodreads:
Paul Revere’s midnight ride is a legendary event in American history – yet it has been largely ignored by scholars, and left to patriotic writers and debunkers. Now one of the foremost American historians offers the first serious study of this event – what led to it, what really happened, what followed – uncovering a truth more remarkable than the many myths it has inspired. In Paul Revere’s Ride, David Hackett Fischer has created an exciting narrative that offers new insight into the coming of the American Revolution. From research in British and American archives, the author unravels a plot that no novelist would dare invent – a true story of high drama and deep suspense, of old-fashioned heroes and unvarnished villains, of a beautiful American spy who betrayed her aristocratic British husband, of violent mobs and marching armies, of brave men dying on their doorsteps, of high courage, desperate fear, and the destiny of nations. The narrative is constructed around two thematic lines. One story centers on the American patriot Paul Revere; the other, on British General Thomas Gage. Both were men of high principle who played larger roles than recent historiography has recognized. Thomas Gage was not the Tory tyrant of patriot legend, but an English Whig who believed in liberty and the rule of law. In 1774 and 1775, General Gage’s advice shaped the fatal choices of British leaders, and his actions guided the course of American events. Paul Revere was more than a “simple artizan, ” as his most recent biographer described him fifty years ago. The author presents new evidence that revolutionary Boston was a world of many circles – more complex than we have known. Paul Revere and his friend Joseph Warren ranged more widely through those circles than any other leaders. They became the linchpins of the Whig movement. On April 18th, 1775, Paul Revere played that role in a manner that has never been told before. …
As long as there are FREEMEN breathing, liberty will never die.
May God Bless and Keep Safe America.