The New Oath

Black’s Law Dictionary defines the term “oath” as: “Any form of attestation by which a person signifies that he is bound in conscience to perform an act faithfully and truthfully…” America requires oaths of office for public officials, for lawyers and judges and for presidents. The Pledge of Allegiance is an oath and many clubs…

De Cive (The Citizen)

In his 1642 publication of “De Cive” (The Citizen), Thomas Hobbes introduced the idea of “bellum omnium contra omnes” or translated, the “war of all against all”. Hobbes deduces that this is the state of nature in which each man has equal right to resources and this equal right eventually results in violent conflict over…